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CASE REPORT
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 62-68

Inter-sectoral interaction in oil spill incident: Zayande Rood case study


1 School of Health Management and Information Sciences; Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Family Health Department, Health Metric Research Center, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, Iranian Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research, Tehran, Iran
3 School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Reza Maleki
School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2347-9019.135378

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Five years ago, due to driver bulldozer recklessness, Isfahan-Omidiyeh Oil Pipeline was broken and the extensive oil spill was happening in ZayandehRood, and the surrounding land and the river was polluted. After the incident, the drinking water of some cities was completely cut off for 48 hours. This study was done to present a successful example of inter-sectoral cooperation and interaction for the management of an environmental disaster. This is an applied research that was carried out in five stages. First, a review of the literature was done about oil spill in water resources. Second, the incident was reviewed by existing documents. In the third stage, through interviews with those responsible or involved in incident management, information identifying the roles, responsibilities and interventions and finally content analysis was used to analyze data and design interactive models for oil spill management. Results In response to the incident, widespread acts were done by Governor, Office of Water and Waste Water, The Environmental Protection Agency, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. The Fire and Safety Services, oil companies and other organizations were responsible for cleaning the area and preventing entry of crude oil, dewatering and water treatment facilities. After cleaning the river and carrying out the necessary tests, water treatment carried out in compliance with relevant standards. Also by coordination in Isfahan province, side problems of water cut were reduced to a minimum. One of the most persistent and dangerous pollution of water resources is oil pollution. This type of pollution is a threat to ground water resources and surface water resources. To reduce the risks of oil spills, prediction and identification of black spots and actions that lead to the occurrence of such events are essential. The inter-sectoral interaction and collaboration between organizations involved in the pre-disaster should be considered.


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