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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 28-35

Studying the effect of natural hazards on human migration (Case Study of Bam earthquake 2003)


1 M.A Student of Crisis Management Ba-Honar University of Kerman and Emergency Center for Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
2 Faculty of Economics and Management Department of Management, Ba-Honar University of Kerman, Iran
3 M.A Student of Crisis Management, Ba-Honar University of Kerman, Iran
4 Department of Social Science, Faculty of Literature and Humanity, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
5 Faculty of Medicine, Research Center for Health Management and Social Development, Gorgan, Iran
6 5 Azar Hospital, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ali Mohajervatan
Emergency Center for Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2347-9019.147147

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Introduction: Casualties of natural dangers and the risks resulting from improvement of technology are increasing. One of the human responses to these dangers is migration. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between migration and natural hazards. Methods: The method used in this study was qualitative research and methods used in this paper are based on library research and documentation and analyzing migration based on the sociological theories of migration. We also tried to gather required evidences due to sociological look at the migration after Bam's earthquake on January 2003. Finding: The findings of this study suggest that in many cases the relationship between migration and environmental risks and ecological characteristics of the type of risk there. Conclusion: The results indicate that environmental factors play an important role in forming the decision made to emigrate especially among those who are most vulnerable. Immigration control after natural disasters should identify factors threatening social and economic environment, and create new opportunities for people affected by planned.


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