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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-9

Resilience and posttraumatic stress disorder among disaster affected persons attending Primary Health Care, Uttarakhand, India

1 Department of Community Health, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Emergency Medicine, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Nisha Catherin
Department of Community Health, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru - 560 034, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2347-9019.175676

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Background: Disasters are either natural or man-made and are all but inevitable in the present day life. Resilience refers to an individual's ability to thrive despite adversity. There is a paucity of information on resilience to disaster and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following natural disasters from developing countries. Methods: We conducted a research to determine resilience among disaster-affected persons availing Primary Health Care Services following floods in the State of Uttarakhand, India, and to assess the prevalence of PTSD among them. A cross-sectional study was conducted at Primary Health Care Centers of Uttarkashi and Rudraprayag Districts of Uttarakhand, India, between October and December 2013, 3 months after the floods. Results: One hundred and twenty-seven patients consented to participate in the study. The Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale and the Trauma Screening Questionnaire (TSQ) were administered along with a structured questionnaire to ascertain the sociodemographic variables. Of the 127 patients studied, 50 (39.3%) were males and 77 (61.7%) were females. The median age of the study population was 34 years. Of these, 27 (21.3%) were resilient (score ≥71 out of 100) to disaster and the probable prevalence of PTSD by the TSQ was found to be 86 (67.7%) (score ≥6 out of 10). Conclusion: The need for confirming resilience and treating PTSD is particularly significant, especially when mental health care has not been focused on along with other disaster-specific measures. The findings of the study thus highlight the need for early recognition of psychiatric disorders following disasters and subsequently providing interventions for the same among victims.

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