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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 85-91

Urban trauma centers locating using coverage supply-demand model


1 Department of Transportation and Traffic Engineering, University of Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Civil Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Seyed Ehsan Jafari Nasab
Faculty of Transportation, University of Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2347-9019.128120

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Introduction: Nowadays the factors of the considerable number of the human death are traffic accident, wars, and work incidents. The researches show that most of these deaths happen among the youth in their most productive period of life and result in many disability adjusted life years. Methodology: One of the ways of reducing these injuries is producing a medical system which increases the probability of the saving of severely injured persons. According to available scientific clues, trauma system can be a good solution to control the injuries. This system is an organized and coordinated effort which provides the injured persons with complete medical care in a given geographical region. It is also integrated with local medical systems. This system can decrease the measure of preventable deaths to 50% and the measure of all incidental death to 15-20%. One of the important matters in providing medical emergency services is the location of these facilities in cities so that more people can access them in standard time. Trauma center is an equipped hospital which is known as the heart of trauma system. The aim of this research is the selection of optimum location of some trauma centers with different levels as emergency medical services (EMS) facilities, out of some candidate location in Kerman city. In this paper, maximal covering location problem (MCLP) model from the available EMS location models, was used. Findings and Conclusion: The results of using trauma system and trauma center locating in Kerman city was not comparable with the present situation in which there is just one emergency services center in a hospital with low equipment and limited coverage. If a level-I trauma center is established in Kerman, 87% of demands of EMS will be covered, and if two level-II trauma centers are established, 98% of EMS will be covered. While the present coverage of demands by Kerman EMS center is less than 30%.


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