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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 174-179

Risk factors associated with Fagerström status with nicotine dependence in referred smokers for cessation


1 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Health Center Number 2, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Medical Science, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch, Isfahan, Iran
4 Department of Medical Science, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch; Isfahan Neurosciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Rokhsareh Meamar
Isfahan, Neurosciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2347-9019.129162

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Context: The most widely and classically used measures in tobacco dependence assessment is The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND). There are few articles studying the factors associated with Fagerström test among Iranian smokers. Our aim in this study is the determination of the association between sociodemographic factors and FTND test. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study including 673 subjects was obtained from people who were referred to the health center for smoking cessation. The questionnaire included items on sociodemographic information and information on smoking cigarettes and history of cessation. Result: Mean ± SD of age and age of onset smoking were 39.7 ± 1.1 and 18.6 ± 5.5, respectively. Mean ± SD with scale ranging from consuming number of cigarettes per day and FTND of smokers, were 22.1 ± 11.5 with 2-90 and 7.4 ± 0.81 with 4-9, respectively. Association of demographic and some other characteristics with Fagerstrom status for Nicotine Dependence were studied in the smoking participants. The ORs [95% CI] were as follows: In primary education level 2.2 [1.1-4.9]; number of smoking per day 1.3 [1.2-1.4]; duration of smoking between 10-19, 20-29, and more than 30 years 2.5 [1.1-5.6], 2.2 [0.93-5.2], and 4.3 [1.7-10.7], respectively; without history of previous quit attempt 2.1 [1.1-4.1]; nicotine concentration more than 0.8 mg/pack 4.8 [2.7-8.4]; enjoying in routine activities 2.9 [1.3-6.2]. Conclusion: The above results suggest that there are significant associations between Fagerstrφm status and smokingrelated behaviors in the Iranian population, consistent with previous reports worldwide. These factors should be considered to have appropriate public health and policy response.


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