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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 8-14

Psychological experiences of patients with chronic pain: A qualitative study

Department of Management, Shakhes Pajouh Research Institute, Esfahan University, Esfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Majid Barekatain
Department of Management, Shakhes Pajouh Research Institute, Esfahan University, Esfahan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2347-9019.147137

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Background: Depression and anxiety are major health problems among chronic pain sufferers across the lifespan. Patients with high levels of depression and anxiety are likely to express fearful feeling in response to physical sensations or when stumble upon stressors or pain. Aim: The aims of this study were to identify depression and anxiety among different types of chronic pain patients, and to explore the experiences and consequences of depression and anxiety in the patient's life through a qualitative study. Materials and Methods: Thirty-seven chronic pain patients from pain clinic and neurology clinic, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, were participated in an interview for self-reported data collection. All subjects suffer from chronic pain complain of headache, shoulder, back and knee pain. The data were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Result: Results showed that chronic pain patients with high anxiety and depression responded more fear toward their environment and underwent negative relationship with their family and others. The results also indicated that depression and anxiety problems present as the psychological elements of worry, preoccupation, rumination, and avoidance. Conclusion: Identifying depression and anxiety that accompany the discomfort during pain may help increase the intensity of pain. Management of psychological factors during pain may include increased rates of return to work, reductions in health care costs, and increased health-related quality-of-life. In addition, feeling worry about family and feeling depressed, these situations affect the emotional and physical intimacy among family members.

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