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 Table of Contents  
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 109-113

Entrusting the role of organization health


1 Management Department in Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
2 Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
3 Shakhes Pajouh Institute, Isfahan, Iran

Date of Web Publication12-Feb-2015

Correspondence Address:
Ayoob Soltani Nejad
Department of Management, Bahonar University, Emam Khomeini Highway, Kerman
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2347-9019.151329

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  Abstract 

Context: Nowadays time management has a special place in the management science. Using time management strategies would increase the Organization's efficiency and with the benefit of time appropriate, waste of time and money in the organizations be prevented. Because of that time management can be called the science of time control and its proper use. Aim: Purpose of this study was to examine the role of giving authority in organization health in Bahonar University of Kerman. Theoretical framework in this study was taken from Mackenzie and Miles viewpoint about the organization health. Mackenzie summarizes organization's skills in 6 components, which of them is giving authority. Miles believes that for showing the health of an organization ten characteristics (Competence of adaptability, Problem solving competence, Focus on goals, Communication competence, Participation in the authority, Use of resources, Coherence and unity, The spirit, Independence and innovation) are required. Discussion: In this study, to investigate the role of authority in organizational health, survey method is used. The case in this study is staffs of Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman. On this basis, using sample size formula n = 272 from a total of 921 employees, is randomly selected, and for collecting data two separate questionnaires were used. Conclusion: In data analysis, in which SPSS software and test correlation is used, Pearson and Spearman and multiple regression was undertaken, it was found that, there is a significant relationship between giving authority and all components of organizational health at the Shahid Bahonar University. P values obtained from the two tests (especially Pearson) in all ten dimensions of organizational health, is less than significant level (0/05) and also values of all variables R and Rs is positive and less than 0.5, it shows that there is a significant and positive relationship between giving authority and all aspects of organizational health in Shahid Bahonar university.

Keywords: Entrusting, organization healthy, time management


How to cite this article:
Nejad AS, Nejad AS, Yazdanabadi AI, Hoseini M. Entrusting the role of organization health. Int J Health Syst Disaster Manage 2015;3:109-13

How to cite this URL:
Nejad AS, Nejad AS, Yazdanabadi AI, Hoseini M. Entrusting the role of organization health. Int J Health Syst Disaster Manage [serial online] 2015 [cited 2022 May 20];3:109-13. Available from: https://www.ijhsdm.org/text.asp?2015/3/2/109/151329


  Introduction Top


From ancient times until the end of the nineteenth century, human life expectancy was much lower than the present century. Today time is important, not only for organizations that intend to take advantage of the least but it,s important for employee in organization due to time employment , leisure and time devoted to family. One of the best ways to use the limited and valuable time, intelligent use of permanent and time management. [1] Implementing time management in universities and educational centers is an important factors in creating organizational health is very important role. In a healthy organization, committed and utility employees there is a high performance. A healthy organization where people with an interest in the work come and take pride in working in that area. In fact, in terms of physical and mental health of the organization intention to acquire knowledge, expertise, beneficial character, their ability to grow, and the tasks assigned by the meta systems, plays an important role in the success of the organization. [2] Today, with dramatic developments based on management knowledge, human societies are seriously looking to achieve the proper tools and methods to achieve their goals. In this regard management authorities make efforts for quickly improvement and organization objects and provide several mechanisms. One of the most important of them is forming appropriate organization that does organizational affairs for achieving objects in best condition. [3] Organizational health framework suitable for the concept of a social atmosphere for organization. Health means the absence of sickness and a failure in the organism. Incidence disease may cause irreparable injury or even death to the organism. Each person based on his personality considers method for dividing his time, although it can be the factor for wasting time. [4] Many of managers do the real work after the end of working hours because of excessive preoccupation; they haven't sufficient time to do such things. Staff, appointments, meetings increase job involvement of managers, meetings etc. which add to the work. The problem is that many people feel that they work too much, But their time is low and despite much effort to be able to do not all the work and the Work regularly fall back here issue by entrusting to managers is that managers in a more complete and accurate response to help staff and clients. According to the above content can be basic research question posed this way: Do between applying entrusting and organizational health in Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman the relationship there? Or in other words have impact entrusting on organizational health? Historical literature in this research is very strong because of use different studies, about each component. To write this research have been used about 164 articles, books and theses that following research are most application.

Scott (1995) study the relationship between self-seeking managers and organizational health of schools is discussed. The results show that, organizational health of schools were run by female managers positive correlation with the index for personal as well as the testing of its subsidiary and the orientation of individual managers and organizational health of schools there is little correlation.

In a study by Carson (1951) on the use of time management, the results revealed that on average no more than 20 minutes without interruption management does and much of the director's are most annoying, most persistent and most energetic people.

Purkyany (1998) conducted a study entitled "Factors affecting waste management" has done. Based on the results of the research managers' knowledge of how to communicate effectively, Job description, how to run meetings, Delegate and reduce organizational level to prevent the waste of time. Behrozi (2001) in his master's thesis entitled "The study of the relationship between the integrated management style and organizational management style with high morale of Bushehr΋ achieved the following results:

1- Direct correlation between management styles merge and raise morale and meaningful. 2-The management style and low morale, there is a direct correlation. 3-The difference between the scores of men and women morale. 4- Management style of female and male teachers there. 5- The management style of female teachers, more effective and far lower morale scores obtained.

Research methodology

The study was done in 2013 and the research method for this study is a surveying methods and the type of application. The study population in this study, the staff of Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman (formal, contractual and corporate) is 921 people is the Number, using Cochran's sample size of 272 people was randomly selected. In this study for data analysis inferential statistics (using software SPSS) is used. For this purpose, first using the Pearson and Spearman to examine the relationship between the variables is presented and after that, of linear regression to determine the relation between the dimensions of entrusting and organizational health is used. two separate questionnaires for collecting data in this study is used, The first consists of 50 questions in relation to organizational skills (6 of these questions related to entrusting component) and The second component consists of 50 questions related to health organizations. As mentioned the method of sampling used in this study is simple random sampling of 921 formal employees, compact, contractual and company, according to Cochran's sample size formula, the d = 0/05 (maximum error Relative estimated) N = 921 (population size), Z = 1/96 (95% percentile of the standard normal distribution) and P = q = 0/5, is the value of n = 272 individuals is calculated.



To determine the scientific validity of both questionnaires validated by measuring the collective judgment of the Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman and Kerman Islamic Azad University have been met upon which the validity of the questionnaire, time management % 91/1 and organizational health questionnaire validity of the % 91/9 of teachers were approved. And to measure the reliability of both questionnaires retest method was used. This means that different parts of the questionnaire among 10 employees Shahid Bahonar University of distributed and collected After 10 days, the same people again and reliability of the questionnaires were distributed, and finally calculating the Spearman correlation coefficients were calculated. The reliability of the questionnaire, time management % 96/4 and reliability Organizational health Questionnaire % 94/8 respectively.

Conceptual model

The general framework for this research comes from the perspective in relation to the Mackenzie of organizational skills and perspectives in relation to the Miles is related to health organizational. In the perspective of the organizational skills of Mackenzie, It is the kind of skills that a Manager in the corporate environment for optimum use of the time to achieve the goals of the Organization and in connection with their professional duties applies and includes six categories. That include setting goals, prioritize goals and activities, operational planning, entrusting, communication management and meeting management. [5] On the other hand miles to ten characteristics organizational health (adaptability, problem solving competence, Merit communication, focus on goals, participation, use of resources, cohesion and unity, spirit, independence and innovation) has the. [6] General conceptual model for this study [Figure 1] is Indicating the entrusting role as one of the most effective aspects of time management on organizational health and individual components are examined.
Figure 1: Conceptual model of research

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  Discussion Top


One of the factors affecting organizational health, mastery of time and the optimum use of the time. Alec MacKenzie and Alan Liqin qualitative researchers believe that the most valuable asset of an organization its employees and are the most valuable asset of a man that has a very short life time has. [7] Time management, process management to resolve issues effectively meet organizational objectives through effective and efficient use of scarce resources in a changing environment. [8] Effective manager is one who has high performance and human resource unit is well maintained. [9] Time management is the efficient use of the time source is one of the limited resources and available at each person, that unlike a lot of other sources to provide the specific amount he has been laid off and the possibility of its transmission from one person to another or to buy and sell does not exist. [10] Kanlu in relation to the effective use of the time of managers proposes:

  • Use of entrusting
  • Practice saying no
  • More work
  • Prioritize tasks.


Seek help from others as counselors. [11] Mackenzie believes that, "One of the aspects of time management is to control its complexity makes it difficult for some. Time Management of elements emerged that these elements are linked to each other". [12]

Using expert research time management, time management skills can be divided into two general categories, individual skills and organizational skills are separate. Individual skills include some general patterns of behavior that most ordinary people's personal lives and their family's use of your time and management and other categories of organizational skills time management that is just dedicated to the people that are responsible for the management of an organization and the purpose of organizational skills; Those are skills that a manager in the efficient use of time and to achieve organizational goals and shall apply in relation to the performance of their professional duties. The environment in which these skills are used, Institutional environment and administrative director. These skills include six categories are as follows: Setting goals, prioritizing goals and activities, operational planning, entrusting, communication management, session management. [13]

The entrusting of the admin part of your authority to transfer staff. [14] Entrusting authority and responsibility makes organizations more effectively work. inexperienced managers often have little time And his most The remaining work they are doing in overtime, With the mistaken notion that this action is the only way to run and do things, While experienced managers who have learned how to delegate tasks to others and precise control of the actions, Sometimes its best to promote their use. Anyone who takes the responsibility of doing the task should be tailored to accomplish its responsibilities, authorization is. [15]

When the responsibility is devolved to his manager and the lower, in some cases because of field practice of certain activities, the achievement of results, Time schedule, the power that is required to perform the work and the way to measure performance is to arrive at an agreement. [16]

The organizational system of the collection of interdependent elements that act as a total. The man in organization is the most basic role of play and they are the ones who make your organization a human existence. Such concepts as metaphors organization to the organism, concepts such as adaptation and organizational flexibility, health and improve the Organization and organizational life time in the management and organization literature Common makes. [17] Mathew Miles the first theorist to organizational health, organizational health defined in 1969. In his view, organizational health refers Viability and survival of the organization in its environment and its compatibility and upgrade and expand its ability to adapt. [15] Matthew Miles dimensions of organizational health in as follows:

Objective

The primary mission of the organization that is recognized by the vast majority of members. [18]

Communication competence

The order of merit communication, information, skills and knowledge in the field of technical and human relations. [19]

Participation of employees in an organization involved in decisions related to the organization. [15]

Use of resources

Applying the Organization's staff in the resources are shared, but work independently of them. In other words, all those things that they are present to do, and each of their tasks to the optimal way to do a certain activity for up to more than the enterprise to fruition. [15]

Solidarity

Cooperation and assistance of all members of the Organization to achieve a common goal. [20]

Independence

Independence means that the employee far from the unreasonably pressures of the environment, to take decision in order to achieve organizational goals. [21]

Spirit

The spirit alive and joyful refers to a mood and suggests a commitment and dependence to a common goal and seriousness and trying to fulfill it. [15]

Innovation

Innovation is the purpose of expressing the opinions and theories of everything that is new. [19]

Adaptability

Changing the way the action by staff with the specific situation in circumstances that both personal and organizational objectives are met. [21]

Competence of solving problems: Resolving conflicts between different groups is like supervisor and subordinates. [21]


  Data Analysis and Conclusion Top


In the description of survey data, it must be said that, Study on the relationship between staff 272 Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, 179 cases (65/8%) Female and 93 patients (34/2%) The Number of men who have been, 265 people your age specified that 30 patients (11/3%) Less than 30 years, 115 patients (43/4%) Between 30 to 40 years, 101 patients (38/1%) Between 40 to 50 years, and 19 patients (7/2%) Between 50 years and older. Also, the mean and standard deviation, respectively, 37/97 and staff 6/90 age. Among the 272 people, 268 employee educational degree of your specified that the Number of academic degree, 99 cases (36/9%) Diploma, 33 shows (12/3%) Upon diploma, 115 (42/9%) BA and 21 (7/8%) of the MA.

The main hypothesis of the study was explained in the introduction, this study assessed the relationship between the use of entrusting and organizational health at Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman. Here using Pearson and Spearman correlation tests, a significant relation between the independent variable and the dependent variable dimensions and consequently their primary dependent variable, are investigated.

Assume that the table values (1), ñ represents the correlation between the use of entrusting (the independent variable), the ten dimensions of organizational health (dependent variable sub) and organizational health (primary variable), in the sample, and r or r s represents the severity and extent of this relationship must be said that:

Because the P values ​​obtained from the two tests (especially Pearson) in all ten dimensions of organizational health, less than significant level (0/05), so at this level we can say that the use of entrusting and all sub-dimensions of organizational health as the dependent variable and consequently organizational health as the dependent variable in the original investigation, there is a significant relationship. Also according to the values ​​of the variables r and r s are positive and less than 0/5 is, you could say that the mandate and all aspects of organizational health and entrusting a positive and significant relationship correlation is observed.

In general, with respect to the values ​​in [Table 1] and [Figure 2] we can say that all the major and minor premises approved research and the entrusting of organizational health martyr Bahonar University, there was a significant positive relationship.
Figure 2: Distribution and use of entrusting and organizational health

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Table 1: The correlation between test statistics using entrusting and organizational health

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The time component is the rarest resource if used properly and in a timely manner on all length of pillars creates organization and organizational developments more indebted to this change and decision-making senior managers of the organization. the time spent daily a Manager in the Organization roughly equal to other employees and lower hierarchy and also given that any capital growth is owed, Human and social capital and trust management, solidarity and cohesion for them in order to carry out the Affairs of the Organization and thus be entrusting It can be said that the human resources as the human capital and social capital as the power with the use of State resources and limited resources, as necessary, the growth and transformation of the material investment in institutional system of each.

 
  References Top

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    Figures

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    Tables

  [Table 1]



 

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