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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 115-128

Health issues among MIC exposed population 30 years post MIC disaster at Bhopal

Department of Community Medicine, Chirayu Medical College, Indore Bhopal Highway, Bairagarh, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Brajendra Mishra
Department of Community Medicine, Chirayu Medical College, Indore Bhopal Highway, Near Bairagarh, Bhainsakhedi, Bhopal - 560 001, Madhya Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2347-9019.157361

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Bhopal the capital city of Madhya Pradesh suffered an accidental toxic gas disaster 30 years back. The gases released included mainly Methyl Iso Cyanate (MIC), Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN) and Carbon Mono Oxide (CO). The left over stockpile and products of reactions posed threat to environmental contamination and gases lead to heavy toll on human and animal lives and injured people with long term consequences. People believed that the toxicants could cause irreversible damage to human health. Present review article is based on extensive review of the large number of research publications and reports appeared over last 29 years following MIC gas leak at Bhopal. The results of extensive review of literature reveal that fear of carcinogenesis, immune compromise status was unfounded and congenital malformations was not proved epidemiologically as well as experimentally. And as on today, thirty years' post disaster only three health problems as Reactive Airways Disease Syndrome, Pulmonary Fibrosis and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder need further attention, that too for their management. The result of present review also indicates that by and large no research need seems to emerge. However, to be sure, author recommend that a cohort of gas exposed people who were given Thiosulphate injection (N = 18000) and their exposed family members may be assembled and their health status be examined through a cross sectional study to come to final conclusion.

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